What Are The Main Features Of Microsoft Word?

Microsoft Word has a lot of different functionality and features, including text editing tools like text formatting, grammar and spell checking, templates for different types of documents and various layout options. It also has features that allow you to collaborate with other users and access files on multiple devices.

Whether you have handled documents for work or school, you have probably encountered how Microsoft Word works and its basic features. Some features might seem tricky at first, but mastering them can make your documents look more professional and high-quality, making the effort worthwhile.

In this article, we’ll take a look at some of the main features that you might use most often when working with Word documents.

1.  Text formatting

One of the most basic and essential features of MS Word is the ability to format text, whether you want to change the font or size, add bold or italic formatting, change colors or alignment, or make other stylistic changes.

You can access text formatting tools by clicking on the “Home” tab in the toolbar at the top of your screen. From here, you have a variety of different formatting options to choose from.

2. Grammar and spell checker

Writing documents, whether for work or school, often requires a high level of accuracy and attention to detail.

This is where the MS Word spell checker can come in handy, as it will automatically scan your document for any spelling or grammar errors that you may have missed. You can find the spell checker by clicking on the “Review” tab in the toolbar.

3. Styles

In addition to basic text-formatting tools, MS Word also offers a range of customizable styles that you can apply to your text. These styles are organized into categories, such as “Headings” or “Quotes,” and offer different formatting options for different types of content.

For example, you can use the “Heading 1” style to create a large, bold header at the top of your document. Or, if you want to add a quote or citation to your text, you can select the “Quotes” style and choose from different formatting options for quotes and citations, such as indented paragraphs and a citation or bibliography at the end.

You can also alter the style of the text and it will automatically update the styles that are being used in the document. This makes it easy to quickly change the look and feel of your document without having to manually adjust every instance of a specific style individually.

To use the styles feature, simply click on the “Styles” tab in the toolbar and select from one of the available options. You can also create your own custom styles by clicking on the “New Style” button and customizing them to your liking.

4. Templates

If you often work with similar types of documents, such as reports or proposals, you may find it helpful to use a template when creating your documents.

A template is essentially a pre-made document that you can customize to suit your needs. This can save you time and effort, as you won’t have to start from scratch each time you need to create a new document.

There are many different templates available in MS Word, ranging from simple text-based templates, like letterheads or resumes, to more sophisticated layouts, like menus or brochures. Additionally, you can create and save your own template for your own use or for sharing.

To use a template, you click on the “New” button and then select one of the available options under the “Templates” tab.

5. Add-ons

You can add custom functionality to your MS Word documents by using add-ins, which are essentially extra features or tools that you can download and install.

Some common examples of add-ins include productivity tools, such as calculators, calendars, or timers; special formatting options, such as for creating tables of contents or bibliographies; and online resources for collaborating or sharing documents, such as cloud storage or real-time collaboration tools.

To use add-ins in MS Word, you simply need to download and install them according to the instructions provided by the developer. Once installed, you can access them from within your MS Word document by clicking on the “Add-Ins” tab.

6. Page Setup

Page Setup is the feature to set up your document layout, including margins and orientation. This feature helps change the size of the paper, set the number of pages per sheet, adjust the size and margins of your document, etc.

You can access this feature by clicking on the “Page Layout” tab in the toolbar. Here you will find a variety of different tools for setting up your page layout to suit your needs and preferences. For example, you could choose to set your document to landscape orientation, increase or decrease the margins of your paper, add a header and footer, etc.

7.  Headers and Footers

Headers and footers are useful tools for adding text that will appear at the top or bottom of each page in your document. This can be particularly helpful if you need to include information such as page numbers, a watermark, or other small pieces of content that should stay consistent throughout the entire document.

This feature is accessible from the “Insert” tab, where you can click on the “Header & Footer” button to add text, images, or other elements to your header or footer. You can also customize your headers and footers by changing fonts, colors, sizes, etc.

8. Symbols

If you need to use symbols or special characters in your document, such as mathematical symbols, foreign language accents, etc., MS Word makes it easy to insert them into your document with just a few clicks.

To access this tool, simply click on the “Insert” tab and then select the “Symbol” option under the “Symbols” section. Here, you can browse through a variety of different symbols or search for specific ones using the search bar at the top. Once you’ve found the symbol you need, simply click on it to insert it into your document.

9. References and citations

MS Word has a feature to make it easy to cite references and include citations in your document. Some features also include the ability to automatically create a bibliography based on the sources you’ve cited, saving you time and effort when writing academic papers.

Some of the other features also include creating footnotes, citations in any format, creating in-text citations, and a bibliography page.

To access this feature, click on the “References” tab in the toolbar. Here you will find tools for adding reference citations to your document as well as an automatically generated bibliography at the end.

10. Bullets and numbering

If you need to create a list of items in your document, such as a shopping list or summary statistics, you can use this feature in Microsoft Word.

You can easily do so using the “Bullets and Numbering” buttons from the toolbar. Simply click on one of these buttons to insert either bullets or numbers into your text. You can also customize these lists by editing colors, fonts, sizes, etc.


Comments in Microsoft Word allow for clear communication and collaboration within a document. They help in providing feedback, asking questions, or offering suggestions without altering the original content.

For example, when editing a report, you can leave a comment asking for clarification on a specific data point. Your colleague can then reply to the comment with the necessary information, ensuring everyone is on the same page.

12. Track Changes

Track Changes is a valuable tool for reviewing and editing documents, as it highlights all modifications made by collaborators. You can enable this feature by clicking the “Review” tab and “Track Changes”.

Changes in the document are marked, and the owner can choose to keep or discard them. This is useful because it makes it clear who changed what and makes it easy to decide whether to accept or reject the changes.

13. Real-time Collaboration

With Microsoft Word, multiple users can work on the same document simultaneously, boosting productivity and enabling instant feedback.

Word also supports co-authoring, where multiple users can work on the same document at the same time. When a user makes changes, their edits are displayed in different colors so you can tell who did what.

14. Version History

Microsoft Word maintains a version history of the document, allowing you to easily revert to previous document versions, ensuring you never lose important changes or information.

This can come in handy if, for example, after a series of edits, you realize that an earlier version of your research paper had a critical paragraph that you accidentally deleted. With version history, you can quickly retrieve that paragraph.

15. Integration with OneDrive

You can save Word documents on OneDrive, Microsoft’s cloud storage service, making it easy to access and collaborate on documents from various devices.

This is useful if, for example, you start working on a project report at the office, save it to OneDrive, and then continue editing it from your home computer or phone without worrying about emailing files back and forth.


MS Word is a powerful and versatile tool with many different features that can help you create exceptional documents quickly and easily. Some of the main features include tools for formatting text, inserting images or tables, referencing sources, and creating lists of items. Whether you are writing an academic paper, preparing a presentation, or simply needing to create a basic document, MS Word has the tools you need to get the job done. So download it and start taking advantage of all its features!